Le 2 dÃ©cembre 1954, le SÃ©nat des Etats-Unis vote la censure du SÃ©nateur RÃ©publicain du Wisconsin, Joseph McCarthy, qui avait conduit devant le CongrÃ©s la politique de recherche des AmÃ©ricains suspectÃ©s de communisme, principalement parmi les employÃ©s de l'administration fÃ©dÃ©rale.
En fÃ©vrier 1950, au coeur de la Guerre froide, McCarthy prÃ©tendait avoir une liste de 205 noms de suspects. Mais ses accusations n'Ã©taient Ã©tayÃ©es que de fort maigres preuves.
La Censure dÃ©crit le comportement de McCarthy comme contraire aux "traditions sÃ©natoriales".
Resolved, That the Senator from Wisconsin, Mr. McCarthy, failed to cooperate with the Subcommittee on Privileges and Elections of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration in clearing up matters referred to that subcommittee which concerned his conduct as a Senator and affected the honor of the Senate and, instead, repeatedly abused the subcommittee and its members who were trying to carry out assigned duties, thereby obstructing the constitutional processes of the Senate, and that this conduct of the Senator from Wisconsin, Mr. McCarthy, is contrary to senatorial traditions and is hereby condemned.